A composite filling is a tooth-colored plastic and glass mixture used to restore decayed teeth. Composites are also used for cosmetic improvements of the smile by changing the color of the teeth or reshaping disfigured teeth.
A regular cleaning focuses on the surfaces of the teeth and between teeth above the gum line. During a regular cleaning, the teeth are also polished. A dental deep cleaning, or scaling and root planing, is needed in order to remove bacteria, calculus (tartar), and debris that has collected under the gum line caused by periodontal disease (better known as gum disease).
During a root canal or endodontic treatment, the inflamed or infected pulp is removed and the inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and disinfected, then filled and sealed with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha. Afterwards, the tooth is restored with a crown or filling for protection.
For a simple extraction, the dentist loosens the tooth with an instrument called an elevator. Then the dentist uses forceps to remove the tooth. A surgical extraction – this is a more complex procedure, which is used if a tooth may have broken off at the gum line or has not erupted in the mouth.
Generally, porcelain veneers are used as a cosmetic treatment, while dental crowns (also made from porcelain or a mix of a precious metal and porcelain) repair and cover up the damage of decay or injury. The fundamental difference between veneers and crowns is how much of the tooth they cover over. Crowns typically encase the entire tooth, While veneers have thin porcelain shells that cover the front and, in some cases, the sides of your teeth.
Dental bridges and implants are constructed differently. A porcelain bridge is made of a false porcelain tooth suspended between two crowns that the dentist cements onto prepared natural teeth on either side. An implant crown is a false porcelain tooth that's attached to a dental implant (a titanium post the periodontist has inserted in the jaw bone to replace a lost natural tooth).
Partial dentures are used when one or more natural teeth remain in the upper or lower jaw. A removable partial denture usually consists of replacement teeth attached to a pink or gum-colored plastic base, which is sometimes connected by metal framework that holds the denture in place in the mouth.
Dentures, (also known as false teeth), are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth; they are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable.
Overdentures, which are removable, are secured to your implants through retentive attachments incorporated into the denture. Implant-retained tissue supported dentures are currently recognized as the minimum standard of care for fully edentulous patients.